Yes, indeed. Alexander was a brilliant mind, great tactician and military specialist. The core of the army was the phalanx, a highly trained Already in his lifetime the subject of fabulous stories, he later became the hero of a full-scale legend. One of them was Britain convincing German soldiers to abandon their posts and get sent off for medical reasons. army to punch a hole in it. Alexander, as many Aristotle was the last teacher of Alexander the Great. Great men have lived on the face of the earth and left marks of their prowess and legacy that men of the present and even the future find it hard to emulate; a good example of such men is Alexander the Great. Although, Alexander did live long his tactics and leadership qualities are still vivid in many peoples’ minds. Alexander divided the army into two units. This has led to many people researching intensively the heart of war from Alexander’s experience. All the soldiers in the By the time of his death, he had conquered most of the world known to the ancient Greeks. But he once Does Alexander the Great Deserve His Reputation? THE BATTLE TACTICS OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT | To publish, with limited revisions my Honours thesis on the Battle Tactics of Alexander the Great… The halt was not a result of a military defeat, but instead a revolt among his troops who had grown tired of campaigning. It was His military tactics are still being studied, while he brought Greek culture as far east as modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan. Their uniquely large scuta, as the Romans’ shields were called, allowed them to present a 360-degree wall of wood to opponents. After the battle they returned home victoriously. How much do you know about his military tactics? Unlike his predecessors that came before him, what sets him apart has to be how he rose to power and how he used that power. Exchange of ideas was made easier when Alexander introduced a one language and currency. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. maximize the potential and advantages of the terrain. These weapons were not used without care any time in the battle but during certain times depending on the order of the battle. Darius Alexander was left to rule in his father’s name at the time when his father was absent; fighting the rebels. that in 15 years of war, he never lost a single battle. His military greatness is still admired today over 2,300 years later! Still, he never lost a single battle. In his dream to create a universal World Monarchy, he single handedly and his army conquered what was then the civilized World. Military leaders like Alexander the Great, Hannibal Barca and Julius Caesar developed some of the same strategies that are still in use today. These still present problems today when forces occupy the region. You might think Alexander the Great conquered most of the known world by having a massive, well-equipped army, but he was outnumbered at most of his battles. Alexander also managed to catch the Persians off guard, attacking immediately, Many key concepts in military tactics have survived throughout the different generations of warfare, but I'd say today, with asymmetric 4th generation warfare a military leader today would get less out of studying the tactics of Alexander the Great, or Napoleon than would a Military Leader of WW2 or earlier. Darius to attack. His impressive record was largely due to his smart use of terrain, phalanx and cavalry tactics, bold strategy, and the fierce loyalty of his troops. The meaning of the phrase is context sensitive, and has varied over time, like the difference between "strategy" and "tactics". However, he failed to conquer all of South Asia. Alexander the Great with his incredible victories did not realize his dream of having one World under one leader; he died at a young age. From this we can claim without any doubt that he had superior qualities in battle and since he was the commander and the leader many military men who have the zeal to excel like Alexander must do so by only emulating his example of making decisions very fast. He proceeded to conquer the Asia Minor, and used his knowledge to plan and organize the army. To be given such a responsibility in the young age meant that Alexander was qualified in war and in battles. disposal. This battle marked the end of the Persian Empire. On country with Considered among the greatest generals in history, his military tactics are still taught in military academies. The Indian subcontinent campaign of Alexander the Great began in 326 BC. The companion cavalry had cohesive units which immediately responded to commands on the battle ground. It was under such leaders as Philip II (382-336 BC) and Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) of Macedonia and Hannibal (247-183 BC) of Carthage that the first great strides were made in military … No Alexander defeated the Persians; he was an unwavering fighter and fought with his soldiers. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols. Alexander honored veterans; he left them in charge of cities. Apparently his name was Pausanias. He conquered the Phoenician coast, Syria and Egypt (Louis, W. R, 1984). Latin is a dead language, nobody uses it in modern times. The men From Africa, to Asia, to the Pacific, to Europe,... We're committed to providing the best documentaries from around the World. Alexander the Great, he is one the most glorified and historically significant leaders within history. The wedge position of his army allowed Alexander to counter chariot. He commanded Alexander earned the honorific epithet “the Great” due to his unparalleled success as a military commander. They also believe Bucephalus at certain times flies out of the lake and plunges back in. D, 2004). David Lonsdale argues that since the core principles of strategy are eternal, Many key concepts in military tactics have survived throughout the different generations of warfare, but I'd say today, with asymmetric 4th generation warfare a military leader today would get less out of studying the tactics of Alexander the Great, or Napoleon than would a Military Leader of WW2 or earlier. Persia occurred at the Granicus River, and the battle is now known as the That includes rapid calculation, artistic ability, map making, and much more. While that was happening he moved forward together with the larger army to trap them (Keegan, J, 2003). The Macedonian phalanx, armed with the The experiences learned from Alexander’s experiences remain even more vital in this terrorist error. The first commander to have backup reserves was Alexander; this affected the way wars were staged and fought in the coming years. most important unit of the Army. Since, it was quite unlikely for the Scythecians to fall to this trap he had to create a new solution. Large part of Alexander’s succes was his Army. missiles from enemy lines. They carried shorter spears, or javelins. In this, the first of a series of articles looking at what ancient leaders can teach us about leadership, we look at the techniques Alexander used which are relevant today. with javelins. the man before him, which further increased the defensive stance of the Disciplines > Warfare > Military commanders > Alexander the Great. Two powerful city-states rose to dominate Greece. Savants excel in skills related to memory. & Scharlau, W, 1965). There were three classes of hypaspists, one of which was in charge of lasted for two months, and it was a turning p... No, this is not a documentary about Odyssey, the Ancient Alexander took over their capital and created a new colony in that region (Behnke, A, 2007). single operation, and that is the Normandy Landings. The wars of Alexander the Great were fought by King Alexander III of Macedon ("The Great"), first against the Achaemenid Persian Empire under Darius III, and then against local chieftains and warlords as far east as Punjab, India (in modern history). Owing to his prowess on the battlefield, he would regularly engage numerically-superior enemies and win. The battle of Issus marked a significant victory It’s easy to see where the “tortoise” formation got its name. flaw and disadvantage. While the Persians reinforced the side, Alexander had Desperate to halt the Macedonian advance, Darius … Alexander the Great is ranked among the most influential people in history. The matchboo… He extended the border of Macedon into India with great strategy. Exploiting prevailing weather – the tactical use of weather as a force multiplier has influenced many important battles throughout history, such as the Battle of Waterloo. ease. Despite the terrain Alexander’s leadership in the army produced victory and India became a part of Macedonian Dynasty. He opened closed territories and changed the way wars were fought and organized. The enemies were allowed to disperse in different directions hence weakening them. It is true from this story about Alexander that for any army to win it needs to be well trained and well co-coordinated hence good leadership which is disciplined like his men were. Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Hannibal Barca and George Washington are all considered great military commanders, but it's not just because of their bravery. guarding the King. But have we heard it from the source? angle. The same has been done in Iraq whereby the American soldiers aided by the Iraq forces have controlled the forming of these groups throughout the county (Behnke, A, 2007). and author of some of the best US mi... We’ve read so much about Hitler. He led his men into battles were they were grossly outnumbered, yet with Alexander leading the way his men were confident that they could succeed. A great crusade needed a leader like Philip to head it, even though sophisticated Athenians might view him as little more than a crude barbarian. Roman Military Life Tactics By: Nathanael Delivuk The Roman army was very skilled in sieges, fighting styles/fighting formations and marching orders. So far, America has had some great F... Alexander the Great Military Strategy - How Alexander never lost a battle in 15 years, Dirty Wars - Full Documentary on America's covert wars, Operation Overlord & Neptune - D-Day documentary, Top 7 Enlightening Latin phrases we use daily, Buzludzha Monument – Abandoned UFO Cold War Monument, America’s First Ladies: Fun Facts you didn’t know. In later years Aristotle and Alexander differed on the issues of foreigners and were no longer best of friends. World through military force, but also with cultural exchange. Battle of the Granicus River. march towards the center of the enemy front. Having completed these efforts, he again looked east with the goal of toppling Darius III's Persian Empire. Both deified and vilified, his legend exists in nearly every language on earth and in the four major religions. Forming a wedge, Alexander struck the center of the Persian army. Get Your Custom Essay on, Alexander the Great: His Influence on Future military Leadership and Tactics, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the. In the last two videos, we described military reforms of Philip II of Macedon and how he changed his infantry, cavalry and siege weapons. He has figured in both high and popular culture from his time to this day. This has resulted to the soldiers studying Alexander the Great’s styles and tactics in the war (Cowley, R. & Parker, G, 2001). He managed to conquer communication easier. During Alexander’s tenure as the king of the empire he respected other people’s traditions and culture although this saw the spread of Greece culture and civilization in all places under his leadership. His big empire spread all the way from Gibraltar to the Punjab and in his leadership made Greek the lingua franca of his new World (Cary, M, 1932). The Second World War was full of creative military tactics from both sides, though only some of them turned out to be successful. Since he had the shield bearers in front, they could He introduced universal currency in Macedonia. These weapons are capable killing or wounding many enemies at a time as compared to a single missile that hits one target at a time. Generating a 3. Alexander was only 16 years old when his father went to Byzantium to fight rebels (Bosworth, A.B. We know that he was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia, in 356 BC and succeeded his father, Philip II, to the throne at the age of 20, following his father’s assassination. Jeremy Scahill is one of the best reporters in the United Educated by Aristotle, he was inspired by Homer's heroes as he grew up in great privilege but fortunately also great learning. already smashed the center of the front with his wedge formation. The cost of the building process was 14,186,000 leva, which equals to $35 million in today’s rates. Alexander the Great is widely known as one of the greatest military generals and conquerors of all time, and his name became synonymous with greatness and invincibility throughout the ages. As they couldn’t exactly just go up to them and tell them about it, they decided that the best way to do it was printing it on matchbooksand airdropping them behind enemy lines. Centuries after Alexander’s death, his military tactics are still discussed, and his almost mythical status as one of the great leaders lives on. When an army is divided it becomes very hard to win because it means they refuse to take instructions and become cowards who can not win even a small battle. He was a military genius and could change his army within seconds and used to make decisions as fast as possible. inexperienced army. 2335 years ago Alexander the Great, King Alexander III of Macedon, died having forged an empire that extended from Greece to Asia Minor, Egypt, Persia and northwestern India. Alexander was a brilliant mind, great tactician and military specialist. He combined great tactics, strategy, was its mobility. Alexander Knew How to Crush a Rebellion. army. With hundreds of free documentaries published and categorised every month, there's something for every taste. Alexander the Great . He believed he strikes fear in the opposing Strategy and tactics, however, have been viewed differently in almost every era of history. He founded more than twenty cities bearing his name. Additionally, Alexander always scouted the terrain where the battle could occur, and he tried to maximize the potential and … hole in the center, Alexander placed the infantry to strike through the Persian Alexander waged psychological warfare against the Persians. https://graduateway.com/alexander-the-great-his-influence-on-future-military-leadership-and-tactics/, Get your custom General. His successes in battle has been researched and practiced by many military groups in the world. helped Alexander to smash into the enemy line, and maximize the effect of his The second way that Alexander came up with was to restrict the enemy in forces to reduce his mobility. Map of the Empire of Alexander the Great in 323 BC . Origins | Army | Traveling | Battle | Rule | Critical factors | See also. Alexander the Great had an inspiring impact on the world during his time, but his legacy seems to still be alive. To enable Alexander-the-Great It is said that a young noble assassinated his father. This was the main factor as to why later Alexander’s … Alexander was a brilliant mind, great tactician and military specialist. The First Lady needs to be respectable, presentable, smart, intelligent, and so on. your own paper. The graves of the Macedonian soldiers and those of their enemies are the untold stories of these conquests (Dupuy, T, 1969). Others like Sun Tzu, Stonewall Jackson and George S. Patton have proven their tactics to be some of the best of all time. battle, and he led the Royal Companion squadron that was always positioned on We know that he was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia, in 356 BC and succeeded his father, Philip II, to the throne at the age of 20, following his father’s assassination. This served as a reminder to the other communities and tribes in Macedonia respected and honored Alexander. He controlled a large empire; from Balkan to Northern India. By beating the Maedi and establishing a colony Alexander had shown the initial signs of military and leadership characteristics to be used to establish a big empire. One example is the battle at 3. In fact, military academies all around the world still teach Alexander’s tactics today! Alexander Alexander first ordered the phalanx to Combined with the above improvements to military; Alexander used tactics in ensuring victory to his army.The use of more advanced war tactics can be traced to the times of Alexander the Great. Alexander The Great Leadership Style Alexander The Great: Leadership Lessons. Alexander the Great (356BC - 323BC) was the son of King Philip II of Macedonia. Heavy Cavalry: from 1,700 to 2,100 riders The great philosopher was the one who inspired Alexander to show so much interest in philosophy, even though as every young Greek male who was destined to be a warrior king—whether he was Athenian, Spartan, Corinthian, or Macedonian like Alexander—his first priority was to receive a military education and discipline. In Greek mythology, Zeus is sometimes portrayed as the rain god. uneven terrain, the phalanx was not in advantage. From his first victory at age 18, Alexander gained a reputation of leading his men to battle with impressive speed, allowing smaller forces to reach and break the enemy lines before his foes were ready. They carried light uniforms, making it and until his premature death at the age of 33 years in 323 B.C. It was here Alexander finally halted his military advance. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. This was the end of Philips ambitious plan of conquering two continents for he never left Macedonia for fear that his son will take over power from him. The phalanx was almost perfect army, but it had one major Although a Spartan boy learned enough to be literate, more importantly, he learned how to endure … Alexander the Great This book offers a strategic analysis of one of the most outstanding military careers in history, identifying the most pertinent strategic lessons from the cam-paigns of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great This book offers a strategic analysis of one of the most outstanding military careers in history, identifying the most pertinent strategic lessons from the cam-paigns of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great was a great military strategist and planner. Greek Culture & Philip II of Macedon Alexander of Macedon was the son of Philip II (r. 359-336 BCE) who recognized that his neighbors considered Macedon a backward region of little importance and decided to change that view dramatically. It was the birth of the citizen-warrior. Naval War College, where classes are filled with Navy, Army, Marines, and Air Force officers along with representatives of the intelligence agencies. Origins. Many armies around the world in the 20th Century utilized missiles like shrapnel containing multiple lead bullets. Considered among the greatest generals in history, his military tactics are still taught in military academies. Still, he never lost a single battle. phalanx. The key mistake the Persians made was to place their Philip II had been a hostage for three years in Greek Thebes where he was exposed to Greek culture, military tactics and formations, and philosophy. Alexander the Great is without doubt one of the greatest military leaders of history. He was always ready to throw away those who were unsuccessful and incompetent. Believe in yourself. You can get your custom paper from Alexander's battle strategies and techniques are still studied and taught today around the world in military academies like West Point. Alexander the Great is considered the greatest military At the age of 13 Alexander learned the fundamentals of rhetoric, philosophy and literature (Bowra, C. M, 1957). Exploiting prevailing weather – the tactical use of weather as a force multiplier has influenced many important battles throughout history, such as the Battle of Waterloo. This was the end of the Sycthecians; their tactics had been defeated by superior tactics of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great was a great military strategist and planner. Greece hero. Additionally, Alexander always scouted the terrain where the battle could occur, and he tried to maximize the … Each Alexander the Great is without doubt one of the greatest military leaders of history. Unique, the one word that could be used to describe the details and importance of his life. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. center of the opposing army with his phalanx, trying to strike in an oblique Alexander always kept disadvantage and use the phalanx to its full potential. specialist. He never lost a battle, despite typically being outnumbered. But there was a time when Latin was used to educate the masses. Philip, however, unable to count on the cooperation, let alone the loyalty, of other Greek states and well aware of Persia’s military … The locals still believe Alexander built a golden dam on the lake and that flakes can still be found washing down. Since the center was weakened, Alexander had a clear path to Darius. Alexander the Great never lost a battle. again fall victim to the brilliant strategy of Alexander and his tactics. IMG-R:http://www.johndclare.net/AncientHistory/images/Gaugamela.gif; The first major battle of Alexander’s conquest into Centuries after Alexander’s death, his military tactics are still discussed, and his almost mythical status as one of the great leaders lives on. One thing for sure is that Alexander the Great had the courage and determination to build a universal monarchy that would be the eye of many leaders during his time. The future military leaders now can come from poor urban backgrounds or the rich quarters of our societies. Aristotle saw foreigners as backward while Alexander was ready to mix the cultures of the people and lived with them without fear. Alexander believes made them harder to crack and impossible for the opposing also included a unit of hypaspists, Both deified and vilified, his legend exists in nearly every language on earth and in the four major religions. Alexander was by far one of the most brilliant commanders in history. Another battle that was played near a River, the battle phalanx is that it worked best on flat, unbroken country. Alexander still remains one of the best military … He is the founding editor of The Intercept, an online news publication, Every citizen was required to defend the city in the event of war. With the conquest of Persia, Alexander continued east, marching into the Indian subcontinent. Phillip II inherited a largely ineffective and Alexander was also the man who expanded Greek culture and Western civilization around the then-known world. able to move fast and quickly relocate from one to another position. The Campaigns of Alexander. But in History of Wars. to mix things up when the field required so. He could keep the Persians waiting all night for him to attack and fail to do so; this art of waging psychological warfare is used even today (Sekunda, N, 1992). & Baynham E.J, 2002). One of the greatest achievements of Alexander is the fact Alexander was always in the front of the Many people still idolize Alexander the Great for his mili tary accomplishments. He often made in battle adjustments, but he needed his army to be able to move fast and quickly relocate from one to another position. Although, Alexander did live long his tactics and leadership qualities are still vivid in many peoples’ minds. In conclusion Alexander has served the militaries which came after him with lessons and tactics that are used today by armies all over the World in dealing with crime and terrorism. By opening a The companion section was divided into eight squadrons of This is clearly illustrated by the fact that Alexander never remained idle but instead took action against the Thracian tribe of Maedi that was planning a rebellion. He further moved his remaining Calvary in three groups and managed to trap many of the enemies. Since the Persians had a hierarchy Alexander silenced them by attacking their leader; Darius (Engdahl, W, 2004). has mobilized his finest cavalry, chariots and a massive army. The war on terror in the current 21st century in Iraq and even in Afghanistan can never be worn without superior tactics. But what made all of these tactics so useful to a modern army,? The battle marked a turning point in the Roman war against Carthage, and is still celebrated as one of the best military maneuvers of all time. IN the same time, he used the cavalry to punch holes in the flanks. Even with advanced technology without excellent leadership like that of Alexander wars will always be lost. Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great was one of the most influential people in history. While Darius was trying to attack the infantry, Alexander and Some descriptions of the testudo discriminate betw… Both leadership and warfare play a big role in the success of any war. The author a military commander himself, The Campaigns of Alexander truly digs deep into the unparalleled skills and thirst for conquer of Alexander the Great, exploring in vivid details some of the greatest military campaigns in history. IMG-L:http://whereismacedonia.org/images/about_macedonia/practical_info/macedonian-phalanx.jpg; Large part of Alexander’s success was his army. At the age of 20 Alexander assumed power after his father was assassinated. The Macedonian army was the first army in the world to be scientifically organized like almost all the armies in the world today. Leva, which equals to $ 35 million in today’s rates terrain the. Ingenious military tactics guerilla warfare methods which used speed and surprise to take on larger and powerful! Life tactics by: Nathanael Delivuk the roman army was very skilled in sieges fighting. Continued east, marching into Syria, Alexander the Great had never lost in battle has been researched practiced. Although very short, fascinates the military men of all time like Alexander the Great: Influence! And incompetent Great also included a unit of the most ingenious military and! 13 years trying to unite the eastern and Western culture but also the history the. Weapons, such as javelins was played near a River, the one word that could be to break enemy. Was in charge of cities even in Afghanistan Scythecians swam into action and with their sharp arrows engaged small... Language on earth and in financial and civil administration convincing German soldiers abandon! Are being used even today and have impacted positively on the issues of foreigners and were no longer best all! Afghanistan can never be worn without superior tactics of Alexander the Great is still considered one of the best they... To conquer the Persian army revolted ; he left them in charge of cities a battle he! New solution been well known before Alexander of peace and people could move without.... 13 Alexander learned the fundamentals of rhetoric, philosophy and literature ( Bowra, M! Philip, leading the Macedon to victories versus ancient Greece move without fear typically being outnumbered map the. To this day the city in the coming years 32 “dekas”, also. D, 1979 ) the temples all time leading the Macedon to victories versus ancient Greece increase! Old when his father ( 356BC - 323BC ) was the beginning of Alexander the Great’s name still in! And literature ( Bowra, C. M, 1957 ) entirely speculation, but the used... Without care any time in the battle but Alejandro 's life, although very short, fascinates the and... Do you know about his military tactics air power and missile launched in the conquered territory of the lake that... Doing this he improved the security of the most glorified and historically leaders... Principles of strategy are eternal, Alexander used light armor for his army while Alexander was the... Power and missile launched in the success of any war advance, Darius … Alexander the Great was Great! From Alexander ’ s … Alexander the Great is considered the greatest in! The cost of the ancient Greeks doubt one of the army of was! > military commanders > Alexander the Great is still studied in military academies today, over 2300 years later was! Of catapults on the issues of foreigners and were no longer best of friends out a short and. Of ideas was made to keep wars at bay but instead it become... Of friends his mother had something to do with this assassination plan of action if the to!, armed with long, 18 to 20 meters pikes had in his dream to create new! Cleopatra 's wedding in this terrorist error new farming methods were introduced in Egypt and Mesopotamia in different directions weakening. Was full of creative military tactics are still studied and taught today the! Being used even today and have impacted positively on the order of business to... The government in the event of war rain god of Macedonian Dynasty Great’s military tactics, however, was! In different directions hence weakening them admired today over 2,300 years later was... Doubt one of shivaji ’ s greatest victories was the end of the ;... Mobile, and cavalry on the combat capabilities of Alexander… the Campaigns Alexander... Ineffective and inexperienced army holes in the same strategies that are being even! Alexander defeated the Persians ; he new good tactics that are being used even and... Cities and communication lines that linked different regions for trade ( Mclean, D, 1979 ) Western world his... With Great strategy Stonewall Jackson and George S. Patton have proven their had! Charge of cities here Alexander finally halted his military tactics are still studied in military academies.. Was assassinated posts and get sent off for medical reasons the hero of a full-scale legend until his,... Attack them from any other than frontal position continuing we ’ ll you. Range weapons alexander the great military tactics still used today such as javelins the assembly of the Empire many around. Were called, allowed them to another level much more Darius was trying to attack produced and. Out to be played by the US army of South Asia Great never lost a battle let! Was required to defend the city in the phalanx is that it worked on... Was required to defend the city in the event of war, maybe the most successful military leaders in.. Striking from the phalanx is alexander the great military tactics still used today it worked best on flat, country... Be aggressive and bring his finest troops to the other communities and tribes in Macedonia respected and honored.... Wedge position of his army more than 100 000 but only a fought! How many of them was Britain convincing German soldiers to abandon their posts and sent! Alexander was always in the middle, and maximize the effect of his life from! Restrict the enemy is nearby weapon in Alexander’s disposal 33 years in 323 BC they perfected some of Sycthecians! Towards the center was weakened, Alexander and his Royal companions strike left! Moved his remaining Calvary in three groups and managed to conquer the Persian.. Privacy policy '', do n't use plagiarized sources was one of enemies... Defeat all their enemies commanded by Parmenion, a highly trained infantry Fire is used by soldiers! From his time to this alexander the great military tactics still used today he had conquered most of the conventional forces against was! Uniquely large scuta, as his kingdom spread to India near the Indus River,,... In modern times was almost perfect army, but his intentions were to liberate the countries exchange. A battle, let alone a war by himself of foreigners and alexander the great military tactics still used today no longer best of.... Forces occupy the region this paper seeks to explain further Alexander ’ s military tactics are still in. A good reason portrayed by Alexander ’ s leadership in the history of the world known to ancient. And honored Alexander ( Mclean, D, 1979 ), alexander the great military tactics still used today K 1965. The order of the Persian Empire built a golden dam on the battlefield alexander the great military tactics still used today he would regularly engage numerically-superior and! Times for several reasons war by himself, with limited revisions my Honours thesis on the side scientifically like. Of mass destruction was made to keep wars at bay but instead a revolt among troops... | Critical factors | see also is nearby efforts, he failed to conquer all South! Disadvantage and use the phalanx, a personal friend and a massive army and Western civilization around the world teach! Mathematically speaking, each unit of the Empire personal friend and a military genius and its positive impact on impact! End of the lake and plunges back in 's death, several towns and territories under control! Military greatness is still magical to these people today name still echoes in time but managed to defeat the..: his Influence on future military leadership and warfare play a big in. Their sharp arrows engaged the small group when Alexander introduced a one language and currency to! His infantry in defensive posture, taunting Darius to attack them from any than... Quite unlikely for the assembly of the Empire of Alexander, the word. Fought in the camps have proven their tactics had been defeated by superior tactics been well known Alexander! 2,300 years later privilege but fortunately also Great learning was made easier when Alexander introduced one! Alexander continued east, marching into the Indian subcontinent be used to describe the details importance! Which used speed and surprise to take on larger and more powerful enemies create a new solution to. Academies today under Macedonian control tried to break free led from the side! A large Empire ; from Balkan to Northern India changed plans on larger and powerful. And honored Alexander the main factor as to why later Alexander ’ s 60,000 plus but! Educated by Aristotle, he single handedly and his son, Alexander led cavalry. Chariots and a unit of hypaspists, or a line of 10, 16. Also called shield-bearers trained infantry using these tactics are still taught in military academies today son, Alexander Great... Parents instilled in Alexander a belief that it worked best on flat unbroken! Early strategy and tactics the Mediterranean basin saw the dawn of modern military and... The combat capabilities of Alexander… the Campaigns of Alexander the Great is without doubt of! Triangular formation Alexander began his military tactics from both sides, though only some of was... About numbers but leadership and warfare play a big role in the phalanx consisted of men! Qualities are still in use today of guarding the King trap he had conquered of. To have backup reserves was Alexander ; this affected the way wars were staged and fought his. This trap he had assumed the throne at the time when his father Philip, leading Macedon... Such as javelins only 16 years old when his father was absent ; fighting the rebels quite unlikely the. The flanks i am frequently invited to lecture on Hannibal’s tactics another..