Implications of flooding in … Although both stories discuss global floods enforced by the gods,. As Genesis continues we see mankind becoming more evil and God plans to destroy everything he created. Gilgamesh vs. Genesis essaysIn both The Epic of Gilgamesh and Genesis, a flood takes place. The flood is a major connection between The Epic of Gilgamesh and Genesis. As we saw with Genesis 1 and Enuma Elish, Genesis 2-9 and Atrahasis breathe the same air. The building of the boats were different the boat from genesis was a rectangle and three stories tall. The reason for sending the flood is not explained in Gilgamesh (excessive violence in Genesis) The flood is ultimately condemned as a murderous mistake in Gilgamesh. The obvious similarities between The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Book of Genesis tell us that the people of the world coming from different cultures still have many mutual beliefs. One of the main differences is the attitudes about sex. There are numerous similarities between the two stories. This writer’s research question is this: what is the relationship between the flood accounts of the Gilgamesh Epic and Genesis? God loved them, as they were made in his image, and wanted them to procreate and enjoy the beautiful, sinless world he had just created, full of light, plants, and animals (cite). In Gilgamesh, a dove is sent out first, whereas in Genesis, it is a raven. In Gilgamesh the gods saw the uproar of mankind and decided to exterminate them. While reading Gilgamesh, I was struck by the similarities between the story being told and that of the stories compiled within the Bible. One major, noticeable similarity is that in both stories, there are flood legends. In both stories, a higher power wants to wipe out the human race and decides to save one person who is then assigned to build an ark to hold himself, his family, and one of each animal. Noah and Utnapishtim make sacrifices to their respective higher power-- Noah to God and Utnapishtim to Enlil. But the Epic also includes a character whose story bears even more similarities to stories in the Hebrew Bible: Gilgameshs possession of a plant of immortality is thwarted by a serpent (compar… Answer: There are many similarities between the Gilgamesh flood account and the biblical flood account (Genesis 6—8), beginning most importantly with God choosing a righteous man to build an ark because of an impending great flood. God knew what would happen if Adam and Eve eat from the tree, and specifically told them not to. They were both told to build an arc or boat. The purpose of this thesis is to support the trustworthiness of the Bible in order to strengthen Christians’ faith in the Bible. number: 206095338. Although there are very major similarities between The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Book of Genesis, there are also many differences. Two Different Books with Similar Stories The Book of Genesis and The Epic of Gilgamesh have many clear similarities. This shows his authority over the animals. In Hebrew culture, rewards of food and blessings is what Noah wanted. This surge or flood was meant to get rid of all humans because God or gods were displeased with them. However, in The Book of Genesis, God does not give anyone the gift of immortality. In Genesis God sent the Flood to destroy humankind because of man’s wickedness. There are many similarities between the Noah flood story and the Gilgamesh flood story. Unlike The Gilgamesha where the reason was never said however the sender of the flood was a secret council of gods the idea was brought up by Enlil , the god of earth wind and air. The stories of these floods also show flaws in the high powers. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, it says: "Six days and seven nights the wind and storm" (Gilg. Genesis and Gilgamesh: Comparing and Contrasting. Satan as the Hero of Paradise Lost Satan Arousing the Rebel Angels, William Blake (1808) Leontien Kouwenhoven 1260707 Supervisor: Dr. J. R. Veenstra Second Reader: Prof. Dr. A. Genesis And Genesis In The Epic Of Gilgamesh. In both stories the gods are pleased by sacrifices and they reward good behavior and hard work, again, as a parent would. Download file to see previous pages The King lived approximately between 2750 and 2500 BCE. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/the-book-of-genesis-vs-the-epic-of-gilgamesh/, The Book of Genesis vs. the Epic of Gilgamesh. https://phdessay.com/the-book-of-genesis-vs-the-epic-of-gilgamesh/, Similarities In the Epic of Gilgamesh and Siddhartha, Personal Transformation from Gilgamesh to Chihiro, The Epic of Gilgamesh: Values, & Serpents vs. Bible. The story of Genesis and the epic Gilgamesh have many similarities and differences. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, humans can be granted special powers by the gods, and Gilgamesh himself is part god. What Are The Similarities Between Genesis And The Gilgamesh Compare And Contrast The Epic Of Gilgamesh. Maybe she was right. In the end the God in Genesis and the gods in Gilgamesh both promise not to destroy humankind again. This is very different from The Epic of Gilgamesh in which Gilgamesh sleeps with many women while unwed. The two stories also had differences such as in The Epic the rain for 6 days and night and in genesis it last for 40 days and 40 nights. Like the flood story, it seems that Genesis is in dialogue with an older Mesopotamian tradition. Haven’t found the relevant content? The purpose of Gilgamesh is to show people how making selfish, rash decisions never work out the way you intend them to. The second bird sent is a swallow in Gilgamesh and a dove in Genesis. They represent rebirth and a new beginning for creation, as well as the powers that god or the gods have at their disposal. The relationship of the Flood stories to the surrounding narrative is different in both texts, and this is of key importance to the differences between them. The boat from the epic was six stories and square. Prostitutes are also seen as mystical and powerful. There is the legend of Noah and the Ark in The Book of Genesis and the story of Utnapishtim in The Epic of Gilgamesh. Between The Epic of Gilgamesh and the creation, destruction, and renewal of the world in the bible in Genesis chapters 1-8, which similarities do the stories have?. They share ancient Mesopotamian ways of talking about origins. We have seen many times during the history that a man was the king and ruler but many times because of a woman, peace and [...]. In the Gilgamesh Epic, it is obvious that Enlil, who mainly decreed the flood, is not omnipotent or omniscient because a fellow god Ea thwarted him. The gods in the stories want the best for all of their creation, but when disobeyed, can be harsh. Rostam loses his son, Sohrab, whom he murdered in the battlefield whereas Gilgamesh loses his colleague, Enkidu in the epic. From the Epic, Enkidu is a wild man created by the gods as Gilgamesh’s peer to relieve him from oppression caused by the people of Uruk. The stories send a clear message that humans are above animals and humans have power over all animals. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh sleeps with all of the women in the town that he rules. Through this study, this research question is investigated by comparing five perspectives of these two accounts. The similarities in the stories also show how important these stories are to people, since the beliefs are so widespread that multiple different variations of the stories have been written. Tabl. A difference between the two stories is that in Genesis there is only one God, he created earth and is the most powerful. People are not supposed to have sex until marriage, and it is mainly for the purpose of procreation. One of the main differences between the Gilgamesh Epic and Genesis is that the former has a polytheistic conception of god, while the latter is based on monotheistic theology. 2020 © StudyDriver.com - Big database of free essay examples for students at all levels. The decision to destroy mankind happens in both stories and is significant. We have experts for any subject. This shows how the Christian culture believes that humans are far less powerful than God and they can never be anywhere near as strong and wise as Him. The flood in both stories destroys most of creation. In Gilgamesh the gods saw the uproar of mankind and decided to exterminate them. The key differences are: Genesis is monotheistic. In mythology, like Gilgamesh, there are multiple gods and goddesses with varying powers. In Gilgamesh the flood is a mistake and the slaughter of … In Genesis, God notices that man has become sinful and wicked in their actions and their thoughts. They most likely intended the original story with their own mythology. Of these, the best-known is probably the Epics flood story, which reads a lot like the biblical tale of Noahs ark (Gen 6-9). If you need help faster you can always use our custom writing service. In both stories, the divine are annoyed with humanity. A higher power wanted to wipe out the human race in both legends because humans were doing wrong. For example, Ishtar seems to act totally out of selfishness when Gilgamesh rejects her. This explains why people eat meat, have pets, farm, or anything else humans do to control animals and establish a higher power over them. First, the similarity between The Epic of Gilgamesh and Genesis is the relevance with the flooding that used to exterminate the human. This notion of “obliterating boundaries” comes up in the biblical flood story but with important differences, which we will get to next week. A lot of the old testament seems to focus the on good and evil in the world and how God responded to it. Usually the gods or God are considered to be perfect, but in this story we see that the higher powers do indeed make mistakes. This is essentially equivalent to the story that Utnapishtim, the Sumerian Noah, tells to Gilgamesh on Tablet XI. Save time and let our verified experts help you. The god-human interaction mimics a parent-child dynamic. In Gilgamesh, the main protagonist, Gilgamesh, seeks to [...], There are numerous parallels between the Gilgamesh surge account and the scriptural surge account starting specifically with God picking a noble man to construct an ark because of an approaching extraordinary surge. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh sleeps with all of the women in the town that he rules. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. This is important because it shows that not even God or gods can achieve perfection, and humans certainly cannot. XI, 127). The final difference between the flood in Gilgamesh and the flood in Genesis is the ending scene of the story, the last interaction between the survivor and his God(s). The correlations between the two made me question whether or not Gilgamesh somehow influenced the creation of certain narratives within the religion I practice today. Similarities and Differences Between the Two Flood Stories. As Beyonce said: Who run the world? There are also many specifics about this flood that the two stories have in common, not just the basis of the tale. Both stories reveal that gods will not hesitate to implement strict punishments if they feel that their subjects are out of line. Even more different from the other story is that the gods in The Epic of Gilgamesh sleep with human beings. That was not meant to be a godly lesson; Ishtar retaliated out of pure emotion, which seems more humanly than godly. Personal Transformation from Gilgamesh to Chihiro Regardless of the setting and the time, maturity and development are key processes that reshape individual’s character. The Journey to immortality The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the oldest surviving works of literature in the world, believed to have been written between 2700 B.C in Mesopotamia (present day Iraq) however Gilgamesh was not written by one specific author but evolved gradually over a long span of time. Get your own essay from professional writers. [...], In the tragedy of Sohrab and Rostam and epics of Gilgamesh, heroes Rostam and Gilgamesh have a passion to deal with the death of the most loved ones in their lives. English 3, 4 7 October 2012 The Quest for Immortality In the “Epic of Gilgamesh” translated by N. K. Sanders, Gilgamesh completes a series of many challenges and obstacles, fulfilling. Orders:17 An essential difference between the Gilgamesh Epic and Genesis is that the former is a polytheistic mythology, whereas the latter is based on a monotheistic theology. We can create an original paper just for you! The True Value of Life Sometimes, in order for you to change, it takes losing something so dear to you. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. Sex is much more common and casual in this story. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. In Babylon culture, immortality is considered a gift. This is very different from The Book of Genesis. Specifically, the flood stories of these two pieces show the most clear resemblance to one another. Some may see it as a form of pleasure, while others view it as a means for creating children. The differences between Hebrew and Babylonian cultures that these stories suggest is that what people want as a reward is different. Biblical writers probably knew of the much older flood but revised it so that it fit with their own history and worldview. Also, because it is provided to the warriors as a reward for a successful journey, it makes sex almost a trophy. 16 students ordered this very topic and got original papers. (2017, Apr 28). Comparing the flood narrative in Gilgamesh to the biblical flood in Genesis "is an area of scholarship that has attracted more attention than pretty much anything else in the history of Assyriology," says Pryke. Gilgamesh is the king [...], When the clay tablets of the epic of Gilgamesh were first discovered and translated in 1872, scholars quickly noticed striking similarities between its narratives and those of the bible (Coogan 68). If humans were good by nature, the higher powers would not have wanted to destroy them all. Compare and Contrast Between the Flood in Gilgamesh and the Old Testament. Furthermore, as noted above, Enlil is blamed because of his lack of reflectiveness in the Epic (XI 168, 179).15 The other gods in the assembly, Anu,16 Ninurta, Ennugi, and Ea, i.e., Niššīku agree … In Gilgamesh, the divine assembly find … XI, 155) by pouring a libation to Ea, which is a form of spiritual sacrifice. God saw wickedness and evil in mankind and decided to destroy them. Humans respect their god(s), but sometimes disobey them. God punishes them, harshly, with Eve getting painful childbirth and submission to her husband, and a life of hard work for Adam. The Gilgamesh Epic is named after its main character Gilgamesh, a king of the Sumerian city of Uruk, a historical figure who ruled sometime between … Even though this still makes the gods better than humans, no one is perfect. The difference in sexual attitudes in the stories exemplifies how sex is viewed differently in different cultures. In The Book of Genesis, sex is not for pleasure. For example, both stories tell of a long storm. It is clear that the people of the ancient world believed that the world was created by a higher power in a number of days, that a higher power created the human race, humans are very flawed, and many other mutual beliefs that can be found in The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Book of Genesis. In the end the God in Genesis and the gods in Gilgamesh both promise not to destroy humankind again. In conclusion, the gods act like parent figures who know what is best for their subjects. How I interpreted this is that the gods want the world to stay how they created and intended it and will exterminate humans if they threaten the earth they created. When comparing the details within the stories, they are very different. Like a child after they have disobeyed their parents, Adam and Eve immediately feel shame and regret after eating from the tree. All rights reserved. Girls!"" The main difference between Enuma Elish and the other two is that here there are a number of Gods and the chaos is due to infighting between the Gods and Marduk ended this chaos by creating humans. 16 students ordered this very topic and got original papers. Tabl. The Book of Genesis vs. the Epic of Gilgamesh. Question: "What similarities are there between the Enuma Elish and the Genesis creation account?" Answer: The Enuma Elish, or the “Seven Tablets of Creation,” is a Babylonian creation myth that has a number of literary and cultural connections to the creation account in Genesis 1. A. MacDonald. God saw wickedness and evil in mankind and decided to destroy them. One of the main differences is the attitudes about sex. Didn't find the paper that you were looking for? These stories do not exist for entertainment, they serve the purpose of teaching people lessons about humankind and God or the gods. The epic of Gilgamesh makes reference to the Enuma Elish, because both stories include gods and heroes. One that I find interesting is that a serpent is the reason immortality is lost in both stories. The first half of the story focuses on the friendship between Gilgamesh-king of Uruk and Enkidu. In the story of Noah and the Ark, it says that he “"offered burnt offerings on the altar" (Gen. :20) which is a sacrifice to God. This is proven in one of the oldest stories ever. In the two [...], Men always are symbol of power and change but women have played a crucial role through the history. In both stories, the higher power assigns a man to build this ark and lead a new world with his animals. A major difference among the stories was, in the book of Genesis there is only one God, and God is the creators of all things; (Genesis chpt 1&2). They made the mistake of creating an earth populated by flawed people. Another minor difference between the stories is the idea of immortality. Whereas in Gilgamesh the journey away from the wild to the city is viewed as a great step forward, in Genesis when the couple leave their “garden” home it is … In both accounts, samples from all species of … Comparisons between Genesis, Gilgamesh and Metamorphoses. She sends a bull to kill him, and, when Enkidu kills the bull, she kills him. But, just as we saw last week with Genesis 1 and Enuma Elish, (1) the differences only stand out because of the similarities, (2) the differences do not justify minimizing the similarities. We see this when Noah gets dominion over the animals and told to populate the each, and in Gilgamesh through eternal life for Utnapishtim. The flood of Gilgamesh was written before 2000 B.C, while the Genesis story was written in 400 BC Which was much later then the Gilgamesh flood. Kings can obtain as much physical power as they and their subjects have at hand, however even the most powerful of kings are subject to the brutal cycles of the most natural regulators. These two stories are also very similar in their views of humans versus animals. Although Gilgamesh is 1/3 god and 2/3 human, he is still mortal because he can be killed. Overall, this tale makes sex out to be a spiritual, powerful, and pleasurable action. Parallels Between the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Bible The most well-known parallel between the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Bible is the story of the Flood, in Genesis 6-7. In Gilgamesh, the emphasis is on the secret wisdom of the Flood survivor, an emphasis reflected in the clever behavior of Ea and Utanapishtim. Scholars Although on the surface, Hayao Miyazaki’s film,. The main differences are not the minor ones of detail, but the thematic and theological ones. Epic Of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh, Hero, Mythology, Warrior Ethos in the Tale of Sohrab and the Epic of Gilgamesh, Comparability of the Floods: how the Epic of Gilgamesh Relates and Conflicts the Bible, Parallels between the Gilgamesh Surge Account and the Scriptural Surge Account, The Role of Women in the Epic of Gilgamesh. But you can one from professional essay writers. We will send an essay sample to you in 2 Hours. In Gilgamesh the flood hero receives immortality. In the Epic of Gilgamesh (pg v-1, para1-9) there was various Goddess and only one creator. Original Question: What are some of the main differences between the flood in the Epic of Gilgamesh Tablet XI and the Genesis flood? In Gilgamesh when the serpent steals the plant that restores life, and in Genesis when the serpent temps Eve to eat the fruit. The human-god interactions convey how the people at the time understood god(s) or an all-knowing all-powerful ruler of their world. With expressing all details in a clear and obvious way, leaving no doubt as to the true intended meaning one can easily identify an explicit view in the Epic of Gilgamesh, when the main character, Gilagamesh tries to defeat a giant, similar to how Marduk tried to defeat Tiamat in the … This puts far less emphasis on the division between humans and gods than The Book of Genesis. In both stories, it is the one good man which is Noah from Genesis and Utnapishtism from The Epic of Gilgamesh. These flood legends tell us about a couple of different religious beliefs of the ancient people, one being that people are instinctually bad. In Genesis there is one main God who was worshiped and listened to when given instructions. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Utnapishtim is given immortality by the gods before flooding out the human race. Since he and his family are intended to be the only humans after the flood kills everyone else, this makes the humans the leaders of the living beings. When that happens, the god inflict harsh punishments in order to keep the world as they intended it to be. The gods in Gilgamesh make an error sending the flood to exterminate mankind and try to atone for it by making Utnapishtim and his wife immortal so that humanity is never in danger of extinction again. This example has been uploaded by a student. The Epic of Gilgamesh, a literary product of Mesopotamia, contains many of the same themes and motifs as the Hebrew Bible. It is interesting to read something that [...], Among the numerous struggles humans undergo within a lifetime, the ultimate struggle of the human experience is to eventually contend with mortality. Hire a subject expert to help you with The Book of Genesis vs. the Epic of Gilgamesh. A similarity is the amount of people God or the gods chose to save. Also, after a successful journey with Enkidu, they reward themselves by having sex with prostitutes. In the story of Utnapishtim, it says that he "offered a sacrifice" (Gilg. Stories reveal that gods will not hesitate to implement strict punishments if they feel that their subjects are out line! Be a godly lesson ; Ishtar retaliated out of selfishness when Gilgamesh rejects her after... An educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected King lived approximately between 2750 and 2500.! Are flood legends tell us about a couple of different religious beliefs of the Testament! Of days the storm lasted custom writing service stories do not receive the same air a raven parent... About sex us that animals are not supposed to have sex until marriage, and in Genesis differences between gilgamesh and genesis. That were widely read and are continually examined today Atrahasis breathe the same themes and as! Hebrew Bible, rewards of food and blessings is what Noah wanted rebirth and a beginning. To act totally out of line when given instructions rewards of food and blessings is what wanted. To get rid of all humans because God or the gods act like figures. Comparing the details within the stories is the amount of people God or the gods to. And they reward themselves by having sex with prostitutes world and how God responded to.. The attitudes about sex of Utnapishtim, it makes sex almost a trophy time understood God ( s ) but! Which is a major connection between the Epic of Gilgamesh and Genesis Hebrew... Of life sometimes, in the story being told and that of the ancient people, one being people... The Ark in the battlefield whereas Gilgamesh loses his colleague, Enkidu in Epic... Dove in Genesis, it takes losing something so dear to you in 2.! Not just the basis of the same themes and motifs as the Hebrew Bible hesitate... In people 's lives mankind and decided to exterminate them gods before flooding out the race. 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Book of Genesis and the Book of Genesis, God notices that man has become and...